WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation
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WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation
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Curated by Farid Mheir
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Elon Musk interview by MIT professor sheds light into how advanced Tesla Autopilot is to deliver self driving experience - he predicts end of 2019 or 2020 at the latest #ArtificialIntelligence #AI ...

This conversation happened after the release of the paper from our group at MIT on driver functional vigilance during use of Tesla's Autopilot. The Tesla team reached out to me offering a podcast conversation with Mr Musk. I accepted, with full control of questions I could ask and choice of what is released publicly. I ended up editing out nothing of substance. This was an insightful discussion on various aspects of Tesla Autopilot that I hope catalyzes further nuanced conversation on the future of AI-assisted driving. Starts at 2:35. The full outline of the video is as follows:
0:00 Introduction
2:35 Start of conversation: Autopilot motivation
4:01 Display the vehicle's perception of the driving scene
7:11 Algorithms, data, and hardware development
10:23 Edge cases and common cases in driving
12:18 Navigate on Autopilot
13:57 Hardware and software path toward fully autonomy
17:08 Driver supervision of Autopilot
20:13 Human side of Tesla Autopilot (driver functional vigilance)
23:13 Driver monitoring
24:30 Operational design domain
26:57 Securing Autopilot against adversarial machine learning
28:29 Narrow AI and artificial general intelligence
30:10 Physics view of love
31:53 First question for an artificial general intelligence system

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: this is a very geeky interview with Elon Musk on autopilot and the future of self-driving cars. Thoughtful, structured and informative it brings to light a very strong point: the value of a car lies in its capacity to self drive and every Tesla has this feature already builtin. Basically it means that cars will soon cross the threshold of autonomy, opening a whole new era for personal transportation. But more importantly I believe for businesses that rely on delivery logistics: ecommerce of course but also groceries, medical supplies, etc.

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SoftBank’s next bet: $940M into #autonomousDelivery startup Nuro is along same lines as what UBER has received in funding - why it may not mean that you will soon see self-driving delivery vehicles...

SoftBank’s next bet: $940M into #autonomousDelivery startup Nuro is along same lines as what UBER has received in funding - why it may not mean that you will soon see self-driving delivery vehicles... | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Nuro, the autonomous delivery startup, has raised $940 million in financing from the SoftBank Vision Fund, a whopping amount that will be used to expand its delivery service, add new partners, hire employees and scale up its fleet of self-driving bots. Nuro has raised more than $1 billion.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IOT MATTERS: fast & cheap delivery is the last issue to solve for eCommerce. This massive investment means that the technology will get deployed more widely. Unfortunately, as opposed to UBER, the company must manufacture deploy and manage the fleet of vehicle, which means that you will not it Nuro explode on the market in a few years like UBER did in the past 5 years. 

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How CPG Supply Chains Are Preparing for Seismic Change: their bear most of the shipping costs and suffer from digital channel proliferation #CPG #DigitalTransformation #SupplyChain via @BCG

How CPG Supply Chains Are Preparing for Seismic Change: their bear most of the shipping costs and suffer from digital channel proliferation #CPG #DigitalTransformation #SupplyChain via @BCG | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Service performance has improved recently for most CPG companies. But getting goods from plant to shelf involves more hurdles and more complexity than ever before.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: consumer package goods companies (CPGs) are being hit by digital transformation as we disintermediate the retailers with direct delivery (drop shipping), online distribution and the need to continue to serve traditional retailers with warehouses and stores. Moreover, beyond the supply chain, CPGs have a increased need to know their customer, something that is often difficult to do with retailers blocking access to valuable data. This survey by BCG provides useful categorization of the impact to CPGs, along with some %

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Let's put #AI in perspective and consider how long it will take for AI to Exceed Human Performance - expert predictions vary widely & yet the impact within 10 to 25 years (our lifetime for sure) ar...

Let's put #AI in perspective and consider how long it will take for AI to Exceed Human Performance - expert predictions vary widely & yet the impact within 10 to 25 years (our lifetime for sure) ar... | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

The experts predict that AI will outperform humans in the next 10 years in tasks such as translating languages (by 2024), writing high school essays (by 2026), and driving trucks (by 2027).
But many other tasks will take much longer for machines to master. AI won’t be better than humans at working in retail until 2031, able to write a bestselling book until 2049, or capable of working as a surgeon until 2053.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: we hear too much about AI with many experts fighting hard to make the difference between AI, machine learning and deep learning. My summary is that AI is a long way in the future but that machine learning impacts will be well within my lifetime - 10 to 25 years from now. This is what I prepare my customers for in my strategic plans.

Taskiy's comment, February 23, 2019 1:46 AM
http://sco.lt/5lWzx2
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Phoenix will no longer be Phoenix if Waymo’s driverless-car experiment succeeds

Phoenix will no longer be Phoenix if Waymo’s driverless-car experiment succeeds | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Experimental Design imagines another scenario: neighborhoods eliminate the growing stream of delivery vehicles by organizing central locations or deploying a kind of package delivery van that comes around once or twice a day like an ice-cream truck. Neighbors might gather around the day’s influx of retail goods and exchange news, transforming the hermetic life behind closed garage doors into a more open and collaborative kind of community.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: the impact of self-driving cars for cities that were designed and built around cars remains unknown. Phoenix being one of them where Google waymo self-driving taxis is being tested at scale today. This article explores the possible impacts and they are fascinating, going well beyond transportation.

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Robomart is the latest startup to try and unseat the local convenience store

Robomart is the latest startup to try and unseat the local convenience store | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Now there’s Robomart, which wants to bring the groceries, baked goods and prepared foods of the supermarket aisle to your doorstep with a white-labeled service for wholesalers and big box retailers.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: retailers beware. Or maybe not. I've seen trucks come to parking lots of warehouses where I worked summer jobs for years - they also cover garage and other locations where there are workers but no time or no convenience store close by. This robomart may replace those and expand to convenience store after... 

tinahold's comment, December 10, 2018 8:42 AM
Cool!
Justin Lahullier's curator insight, December 11, 2018 7:53 AM
Disruption is right around the corner for traditional business models!
Control de presencia's curator insight, December 12, 2018 1:32 PM
Good
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The Long Road to Self-Driving Trucks

The Long Road to Self-Driving Trucks | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Dave Mercer has been driving trucks across America since 1986. He has hauled ice cream to Nevada, burgers to Oregon, and trailers to Baltimore. “It can be a rough life,” he says. “You’re away from…

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: self-driving cars may actually impact the truck transportation industry in a huge way. The papers explores how it will do so.

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Toronto by public transportation — from Point A to anywhere - Description of the Toronto Transit Explorer, a new kind of transit planning solution by Google

Toronto by public transportation — from Point A to anywhere - Description of the Toronto Transit Explorer, a new kind of transit planning solution by Google | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Toronto Transit Explorer uses public data feeds from 13 transit agencies throughout the Greater Toronto Area to determine travel times, service schedules, and wheelchair accessibility. It pulls data from Toronto’s Open Data Catalogue to generate bike-share trips, provides the option to combine bike-share and transit trips, and calculates personal bike rides depending on your choice of speed (from 10 to 30 kilometers per hour).

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: big data and open data provide insights to discover hidden trends and solutions, here in the context of city transportation.

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On the way to self-driving cars: Phantom Auto Demonstrates First Remote-Controlled Car on Public Roads #CES2018

On the way to self-driving cars: Phantom Auto Demonstrates First Remote-Controlled Car on Public Roads #CES2018 | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

A remote pilot drives a Lincoln MKZ past Vegas casinos from his desk in Mountain View. Phantom currently has five control systems set up in Mountain View. At each system, one human could oversee perhaps five automated vehicles. Training on the system takes about a week, starting with simulated driving, then teleoperation on a closed course before the driver passes a test to drive a car on public roads.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: self-driving cars are possible but some time in the future. This is because they need to be completely autonomous in all situations, something very difficult with the current state of AI technology. However, cars equipped with sensors and cameras and telecommunication can allow remote operators to drive them - they do it for drones already and for heavy machinery in mines. This article explains how a new startup does it. Interesting to grasp just how complex the whole thing is. Moreover, self-driving vehicles appear to be doing the same to get their self-driving cars out of complex situations the AI cannot deal with. 

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Under the Hood of a Self-Driving Taxi @Voyage

Under the Hood of a Self-Driving Taxi @Voyage | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

To give a car the ability to Sense, Plan & Act (SPA) requires a complex system of hardware and software, all of which works together in (hopeful) harmony to form a self-driving car.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: a glimpse behind the hardware that is required to power a self-driving car. Of course it comes from the folks that initially worked for an online school (Udemy) that was started by Google self-driving genius Thurun.

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Where Driverless Cars Brake for Golf Carts: watch for #selfDrivingCars in gated communities

Where Driverless Cars Brake for Golf Carts: watch for #selfDrivingCars in gated communities | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

The start-up Voyage is testing its self-driving taxi service in a gated community of about 4,000 residents where the average age is 76. There's another benefit to testing in a retirement community: It's private property. That means Voyage doesn't have to share ride information with state regulators, freeing it from some bureaucracy. But testing in the community meant different obstacles, like insurers requiring Voyage to have double California's $5 million in coverage funds and to hand over all driving data. To reassure the retirement community, Voyage gave them as much equity as they give to a new hire. That aside, retirees have a lot to gain from self-driving cars. Losing the ability to drive often cuts folks off from the outside world, so it's interesting to see Voyage explore where other self-driving leaders haven't been yet.

Farid Mheirs insight:

WHY IT MATTERS: it makes perfect sense when you think about it: deploy self-driving cars on private property instead of on the open road. Here, the use case is a retirement community. Next I assume it may be on a vacation resort (think self-driving golf carts) or a remote wilderness fishing property (more self driving all-terrain trucks). And why are businesses with large properties not deploying self-driving vehicles? Oops not true they are: Codelco has 4 fully autonomous copper mines in Chile!. Take a few minutes to watch he Voyage experiment video: https://news.voyage.auto/voyages-first-self-driving-car-deployment-29c7688c6a1 or more on mining automation http://sco.lt/4qCRLV 

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Tesla brings self-driving hardware to its entire fleet: see the #video for a glimpse into the future of "driving"

Tesla brings self-driving hardware to its entire fleet: see the #video for a glimpse into the future of "driving" | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it

Tesla announced that beginning today, all the cars it builds will have the necessary hardware to drive completely on their own if the owner decides they want to enable the option. The full self-driving hardware suite will cost an additional $8,000.

Farid Mheirs insight:

1- First, look at the video at the end of the article.

 

2- Then, read the article to understand what Tesla is doing

 

3- Then, listen to this other video to understand that self-driving will be part of every new Tesla vehicle but will operate in "shadow mode".

https://www.wired.com/video/2016/10/nasa-s-pumpkin-carving-contest/ 

New Teslas will be self-driving and comparing their driving to what the human drivers did (and presumably learning from them). They will collect huge amounts of data, which will demonstrate that self-driving is safer than human driving.

 

4- Then, dive into this more complete description of the technology. 

https://www.wired.com/2016/10/teslas-self-driving-car-plan-seems-insane-just-might-work/ 

 

5- Then, look into this video of a self-driving delivery 18-wheeler that drove 200 miles without human intervention.

https://www.wired.com/2016/10/ubers-self-driving-truck-makes-first-delivery-50000-beers/

 

6- Realize this is not fiction but 2016 reality.

 

WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT

Self driving must find its way into every major corporation strategic plan. It will impact how retailers receive their products from factories and distribution centers. It will make eCommerce easier with lower cost delivery (which still accounts for 15 to 25% of the online total) and will enable same-day delivery. It will transform travel between large cities, and school bus for our kids. It will change the way ships carry their loads.

Self-driving will create a shockwave in human resources department and unions, which will fear the replacement of human drivers by machines. It will require appropriate communication, retraining, and investments to ensure a smooth transition into the new reality.

Don't worry this will not affect your 2017 bottom line. It won't even affect 2020's bottom line. So if you manage with a short term vision, life is good, stay the course, and forget everything I just said.

 

Others, call me!

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Mobileye says Tesla auto braking tech wasn’t designed for scenario behind fatal crash

Mobileye says Tesla auto braking tech wasn’t designed for scenario behind fatal crash | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it
Following yesterday’s news of the NHTSA’s investigation into a fatal crash involving a Tesla Model S, Mobileye, the Israeli technology company helping..
Farid Mheirs insight:

Fatal car crash of a Tesla on highway using automated driving mode. The post provides some information about the crash, which appears to be due to a condition that was never programmed into the system (side hit).

 

WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT

Autonomous vehicles will become more and more popular in the future and this event reminds us of the complexities involved. We are very early in this field and much like aviation there should be formal investigations and corrective actions taken when such crash occur so that all manufacturers can learn from crashes. This calls for an international database of car crashes and there should be mandatory requirements for new self-driving systems to "pass" the exam ie. to ensure they all react correctly to previously seen car crashes and other incidents. 

 

This thus becomes an opportunity to learn from the global past experience of millions of drivers and billions of kilometers driven in all conditions, across all countries. I am not aware of such a central database but would expect it to become a reality if we want autonomous driving to be a transformation beyond what we have today: each driver learning for themselve.

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Rolls-Royce expects remote-controlled cargo ships by 2020

Rolls-Royce expects remote-controlled cargo ships by 2020 | WHY IT MATTERS: Digital Transformation | Scoop.it
Rolls-Royce isn't limiting its robotic transportation plans to luxury cars. The British transportation firm has outlined a strategy for deployin
Farid Mheirs insight:

Article that describes the efforts that Rolls Royces is making to develop autonomous ships in the near future. This appears to be a serious innovation supported by white paper and business case, although no prototypes have yet been built.

http://www.rolls-royce.com/~/media/Files/R/Rolls-Royce/documents/customers/marine/ship-intel/aawa-whitepaper-210616.pdf 

 

WHY THIS IS IMPORTANT

Although this remains an innovation project, it highlights how important digital transformation will be when applied to the real world, and not just email, websites and eCommerce. The bulk of our lives is spent in the real world and programmes such as this one and others will surely revolutionize transportation industry. And many others.

 

Companies that are serious about planning for the near term future (5 years out and +) should include these in their plans - which may require some leaders to think outside the box and look at areas they have considered outside the reach of computers and digital technology.

 

I wrote about Hyundai and Accenture working on connected smart ships in the past also : http://sco.lt/6xza9h

I also wrote about autonomous cars and trucks: http://www.scoop.it/t/digital-transformation-of-businesses/?tag=Automobile 

Robert Leech's curator insight, June 30, 2016 8:47 AM
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Abel Linares's curator insight, July 1, 2016 10:31 AM
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